Orthopedic Surgeon Salary and the 2012 Job Outlook


The orthopedics surgeon salary is one of the highest paying medical specialties among surgeon jobs. As more and more people demand orthopedic care, it created many changes in pay and compensation within the medical institution system. Reports say that this surgeons receive a median annual salary of $350,000 annually. Adding more to this, an approximate of 20 percent respondents in a salary survey who practice surgery reported an income in excess of half a million dollars annually.

Surgeon salary

Based on the US Natural Averages, surgeons who are in the lowest 10 percent tend to earn $243,833 per year. And for those who are in the upper 10 percent, they receive the possible highest earnings that may amount to $687,143 annually. This makes orthopedic surgery as one of the most financially-lucrative careers in the field of medicine.

Gender-Specific orthopedic surgeon salary

Interestingly, male physicians tend to earn higher orthopedic surgeon salary than women. This might be due to the fact that women more likely work fewer hours in exchange for family time, so they often demand more flexible schedule. The median orthopedic surgeon salary for male surgeons is at $362,000, which greatly exceeded the annual salary for female orthopedic surgeons having only $276,000. This translates to at least 30 percent of disparity between the two salaries.

Orthopedic Surgeon salary by Job Titles

Similar to other medical professions, the surgeon salary also varies depending on the geographical location, experience, type of employer, and area of specialization. For instance, orthopedic surgeons who work as an orthopedic surgery physician can earn more than $253,000 as compared to a general surgeon with $162,000. Another example, those who work at the Southwestern Virginia earn &162,000 while those at Coast City make almost $180,000 annually.

How to become A Surgeon

Before these surgeons earn as much as $600,000 annually, it first took them almost 13 years of academic preparation and clinical training. Fellowship training is optional after completing the residency program successfully. However, Fellowship trainings can provide students with better chance to specialize in the area of Orthopedics such as musculoskeletal oncology and joint replacement. From Bachelor’s, medical school, to residency program, the students are always required to take major courses in biology, biochemistry, anatomy and physiology.

Once students enter the medical school, they must prepare themselves to pass the US Medical Licensure and the American Board of Medical Specialties exams. The board-certification is optional, but many physicians still pursue this as an additional credential.

The Job Outlook

The US Department of Labor stated that approximately four percent of all physicians are specialized orthopedic surgery. More than 50 percent of surgeons practice general orthopedics while 11 percent specialize in spinal surgery, and ten percent practice sports medicine. The BLS has also stated that the demand for these surgeons will continue to increase. With that, the employment opportunities are expected to grow faster than the national average until 2014. So, students and orthopedic surgeons can expect a much higher surgeon salary in the next few years.


Source by Rein Albert Smith

The Importance of Sports in City Marketing


Countries and cities are being promoted with a very similar way to products or services from private brands. One major difference, though, is that this promotion is being performed not only by private brands, but also by the people of that particular city or country in partnership with governmental agencies.

This is relevant for the economy of the country/city brand and this is no coincidence that the major world cities like New York, London, Paris and more function well and each year the number of tourists is more than double the number of the residents. Apart from the people and the governmental agencies, private brands are also increasingly helpful. For instance when someone in the US buys an Adidas product he/she gets a little piece of Germany. Another example are the “Made in Italy” products, which connect Italy with the words high quality and style. A clear example of city marketing is New York city with the slogan “I Love New York”, which is printed in many products that can be found almost everywhere around the world.

Nonetheless, the question is “how to build a brand image for a country or a city?” The first and most important step is to make an analysis of the current situation and configure the ideal future image. Next, identifying the ideal primary and secondary audiences, what they currently think about the country or the city and what is that you want them to think. Final step is to create a timetable and find the capital to support the plan.

Another question is “what is the role of sports in City Marketing?” It is more than clear that sports is a huge industry, which of course generates billions of dollars around the globe, but also has the power to involve values and emotions influencing millions of people, making them very important for marketing and sales. A question that arises now is “Why is this contribution so important?” Here are some reasons:

The constantly growing media attention that the sports are receiving from around the globe.

The large number of sectors related to sports that can generate tourist activity in the country or in the city.

The ability to connect the sport, the event and the people with the city or country.

Incorporating the names of cities or countries into the terminology itself, like in events.

The events or teams are a factor for internationalization of the cities or countries.

A driving force for the economy on many levels.

The creation of ambassadors as individuals or as groups, like most sports clubs have around the globe.

Opportunities for sports diplomacy, where sports events become a useful tool for positioning and expansion of country brands.

A clear example of all these are the Olympic Games, in which a country becomes the center of the world in every field, socially, economically and culturally. This event apart from the publicity, it offers to the host city or country to take on infrastructure and urban development projects that might not otherwise be possible.


Source by Pavlos Pavlidis

19 Virginia Cavaliers Roster And Stats

The University of Kansas (KU) Jayhawks have performed in twelve bowl games in within the history of their football program and during that time the group has six wins and six losses. Rick Pitino (1-5 against Bennett) of residence-and-away ACC rival Louisville mentioned “there isn’t any such factor as publish play in opposition to Virginia”; similarly former Virginia Tech coach Buzz Williams (three-7 against Bennett) called Virginia’s system “offensively and defensively elite.” 26 103 The one ACC opposition Bennett’s teams have struggled significantly in opposition to within the regular season is Mike Krzyzewski and Duke, whom Bennett is 1-0 against in the publish-season (the 2014 ACC Match Championship Recreation ) but 3-eleven against overall.

The turnover means Bennett is ready to roll out a beginning lineup for Wednesday night time’s opener at Syracuse with three gamers who mixed to start his explanation out six games last season, in addition to sophomore point guard Kihei Clark and redshirt senior Mamadi Diakite.

Despite every drawback, together with one star participant (Landesberg) leaving due to academic struggles and another ( Mike Scott ) taking place with an early-season harm and taking a medical redshirt, the Cavaliers started the season with a bang by knocking off No. 13 Minnesota on the highway, in Minneapolis, in the course of the 2010 ACC-Huge Ten Problem UVA improved to 7-9 in the ACC and had a profitable record overall.

Klöckner Stadium is house to several profitable packages, including Virginia males’s and ladies’s soccer Extra years than not, the University of Virginia fields probably the greatest squads in the nation, and the program has, by far, probably the most successful history within the ultra-competitive Atlantic Coast Convention.

This could possibly be the largest first round shocker as Pacific has been great away from Stockton, posting a 12-4 record, and they are coming in to their first round matchup winners of 12 of their final hop over to this web-site 13. This is probably not the very best proportion play as Boston Faculty is a Closing 4-caliber workforce.

At any stage of basketball whether it is highschool, college, or the NBA the feat of undertaking a triple-double in a single sport is an incredible accomplishment because it represents a significant affect on the game in a nicely-rounded method.

We know Darryl Bryant is out for sure for West Virginia, and Washington definitely can win that game, much more so now that Bryant is out, however they might nonetheless probably must play KY, so in the end I don’t see that sport actually mattering as far as a last four potential.

When the University of Virginia formally took on the title the Virginia Cavaliers in 1923 it was to pay homage to a bygone period when throughout the tumultuous seventeenth century British Civil Struggle the great people of the Commonwealth of Virginia aligned themselves with the Royalist supporters who have been also known as Cavaliers.…

Analytics in Football – A Double Edged Sword


Sports as we know it today has come a long way. There were times when watching sports on television was considered a massive step forward in terms of technology. Fast forward 60 years, watching sports on television has become the most basic thing. Today we watch sports on the go on our mobile phones or any device with a screen and internet connectivity. Proud of how far we’ve come, aren’t we? Hopefully I can change your opinion on that by the end of this article.

What is sports all about? Sports is a bunch of people getting together to play a game with pre defined rules and a referee to ensure that these rules are adhered to during the passage of play. I am a sport lover and play sports all time. My love for tennis and soccer in particular cannot be defined. My issue when it came to technology and advanced analytics was with the game of soccer in particular. Soccer is such a beautiful game. The strategies that the coaching staff come up with and the way it is executed on field by the players, it actually is a thing of beauty. I was a soccer player myself (just an average one at that) and have been part of various teams. I know firsthand how strategies are built, how much thought goes into one single run of play.

Enter -Advanced Analytics

Most of you would’ve seen the movie Moneyball. The movie was based on the book Michael Lewis wrote in 2003. It talks about how a jock turned luminary uses advanced statistics to gain a competitive edge over his better funded opponents. This book brought about a revolution is sports. Fans and boards of soccer clubs didn’t want to settle for subpar statistics or analytics anymore. What Moneyball did is, it took an old cliché – “sports are businesses” and made us move on to the next logical question – “how do we do things smarter?”

Now let’s talk about advanced analytics. Advanced analytics in today’s world plays a massive role in every business sector. Advanced analytics has been a boon for us. Moving from descriptive analytics to prescriptive analytics, we actually have come a long way. In various businesses, where the requirement is demanding, advanced analytics are of utmost importance.

When we look at soccer, its a game that does not require too much machine intelligence, it is a game that needs the human element. When you bring in analytics and technology and try to reduce the human element in the sports, it simply just crushes the spirit of the game.

Relying on analytics heavily killed the Premier Leagues long ball game and brought in the pressing, continual passing tiki-taka. Each league for that matter had its own style of play. The Premier League had the brash and brazen style of football that was termed “The way real men play football”. There were beautiful long balls, harsh tackles but all the players just sucked it up, walked it off and it was all up to the referee on the pitch to penalize the offender or not. There were arguments and fights, the passion from the fans was crazy, that was the football that screamed of passion, when players got in the face of other players not fearing punishment. The Eric Cantona’s, the Ivan Genaro Gattuso’s, the Jaap Stam’s of the football world went missing soon enough and the diving and the biting began. Then there was the tiki-taka style of football that was played in the Spanish La Liga, the silky style of play that caught everyone off guard. The legendary Pep Guardiola and his army at Barcelona were the masters of the tiki-taka. There was Real Madrid who were always a star studded line-up with excessive parts of their play relying on lightning quick counters which most often than not left the opponents stunned. There was Manchester United who had their own brand of football being managed by the legendary Sir Alex Ferguson. That United team was a team of sheer grit and character. Each of these leagues had their own beauty and the teams had their own style of play.

When you bring …

Auburn Tigers Males’s Basketball

Auburn coach Gus Malzahn (left) and Arkansas coach Chad Morris communicate prior to a game Saturday, Oct. Nearly all the time overshadowed by the mighty Auburn football program, the Auburn men’s basketball team practically has disappeared from the national highlight since 2003 — never getting a lot consideration except if it was unfavourable or downright horrible.

Although both teams had excessive scoring offenses that have been within the top 10 yesterday for many factors per recreation, the Spiders weren’t in a position to score as well as that they had the whole season as it was the first recreation they didn’t crack eighty visit here five factors however they did enhance their protection because it was the first recreation this season where their opponent scored lower than 60. After giving up almost a hundred factors to each Vanderbilt and St Francis(PA) it is good to see that the Spiders can maintain a potential at-massive group to only 52.

Auburn then beat #1 seed North Carolina 97-80 to advance to the Elite Eight , before defeating #2 seed Kentucky 77-seventy one in overtime to advance to Auburn’s first ever Ultimate Four Auburn grew to become only the second group in NCAA historical past to defeat the three winningest applications in school basketball history, Kansas, North Carolina, and Kentucky in the identical season.

The Tigers beat New Mexico State, however you wouldn’t have recognized that simply by being within the locker room — some players have been all the way down to the point the place they had to be consoled by teammates and coaches, just because they did allow the Aggies to nearly win that sport.

FABULOUS FRESHMEN: Saint Louis’ Jordan Goodwin, Gibson Jimerson and Yuri Collins have mixed to score forty three percent of the group’s points this season and have accounted for fifty one % of all Billikens scoring over the last five games.GIFTED GOODWIN: Goodwin has related on 36.four % of the 22 3-pointers he is attempted and has gone three for 9 over the past three video games.

And in the CBS studio, Auburn’s Corridor of Famer, Charles Barkley, went a little bit nuts as the fifth-seeded Tigers beat the second-seeded Wildcats in Kansas Metropolis, advancing to a nationwide semifinal towards Virginia on Saturday in Minneapolis.

They play assured and fast, score a number of factors and have a deep bench as a way to do it. Ten totally different Auburn gamers common at the least 10 minutes per game, and veteran guards Bryce Brown (15.eight ppg) and Jared Harper (15.2) are the Tigers’ leading scorers.

14-2; however, Iowa, the place Pearl was coaching on the time, only requires one social gathering’s consent to file a phone dialog.) In the course this hyperlink of the conversation, Pearl requested Thomas if he had been provided an SUV and cash by Illinois assistant coach Jimmy Collins , and Thomas appeared to point that he had.

A second-staff preseason All-American in line with Lindy’s and Street & Smith’s, Thomas was selected to 2006 preseason watch lists for the Outland Trophy and Lombardi Award and was assigned the only one-on-one block on UW’s offensive line 90 % of the time the previous two seasons.…

NCAA and NBA Bet On Sports Strategy


Sports betting is becoming more and more popular nowadays – even more so with the emergence of online betting. Now, it’s quicker to place your bets and is even more convenient to study the betting odds online and get valuable information. For beginners or for those who have already spent quite some time in sports betting and wants to get more out of it still, here are some strategies that you can use when you bet on sports.

One good strategy that you can use when you bet on sports is being organized when it comes to placing your bets. Get a schedule of the games. The NBA has a website that you can visit where you can take a look at the schedule of the games. If you are a member of sports betting forum or you have access to a sports betting portal, you can also take a look at the game schedule from there. Make your selection clear by using the 3-digit number for the team you are betting on. Also, be up to date for any date and time changes. It has been cited that bettors who consistently lose are those who are disorganized when it comes to placing and monitoring their wagers.

Another strategy when you bet on sports is to educate yourself on betting essentials such as reading the odds. Reading the odds allows you to tell how much the risks are in placing your bets on a particular team and how much risk the casino is also putting in. Many sportsbooks or sports betting portals have sections where you can see the odds on the NBA and the NCAA and study them. You can see the spreads and the totals for the NBA games and you can even get a free analysis of what could happen during the games, which can help you a lot when you bet on sports.

If you also take a look at sports betting portals, you will find many other types or ways to place your bets such as parlays and teasers. However, when you bet on sports, it is recommended that you only place a straight bet as the others, also known as exotic bets, can decrease your chances of winning.

If you also want to look for other tips on winning strategies when betting on sports, then you can look into sports betting forums. You can meet many people there, some who are already seasoned and experts at sports betting. Sports betting forums are a great avenue for sharing betting tips and analysis that you can make use of. Many of them are involved in betting on the NBA and the NCAA and will gladly share what they know with you.

The best strategy when you bet on sports, whether it is the NCAA or the NBA, is to research and maybe improves on excellent betting strategies that you can use long-term. This will ensure, or at least help, you to establish a good position for yourself when you bet on sports.


Source by Richard Gringer

Miami Information, Scores, Stats, Rumors & More

Florida State signed Devonta Freeman in 2011. The following-highest remaining ACC team can be selected for the VRBO Citrus Bowl to play an SEC group, whereas the team right behind will go to the Tenting World Bowl against an opponent from the Huge 12. However discover more here, if the ACC program’s opponent in the Orange Bowl comes from the SEC, the ACC’s bid to the Citrus Bowl is as a substitute given to the Big Ten, and the very best remaining ACC group after the Orange Bowl’s decide simply goes to the Camping World Bowl.

The Crimson Tide, seventy eight: College of Alabama led the first three AP polls of the 12 months, then failed to go back to the highest place until the final one – getting No. 1 by outscoring previously unbeaten the Penn State Nittany Lions 14-7 within the Sugar Bowl with the well-known goal-line play.

Though the NCAA does not decide an official national champion for Division I FBS football, several ACC members declare nationwide championships awarded by various “main selectors” of national championships as recognized within the official NCAA Football Bowl Subdivision Records.

Along with five nationwide titles to its credit (fourth on the all-time list behind Oklahoma, Alabama, and Notre Dame) the Hurricanes have twice had players win the prestigious extra resources Heisman Trophy award that is awarded on an annual foundation to the nation’s prime college football player.

ACC Baseball is divided into the Atlantic and Coastal Divisions ( as above ). These divisions parallel the divisions of ACC soccer except with Notre Dame replacing Syracuse, the one ACC school which does not subject a baseball workforce, within the Atlantic Division, giving both divisions seven groups.

6. 2003 Louisiana State College Tigers – The 2003 LSU Tigers finished the season 13-1 and in their fourteen games they scored less than twenty factors solely three times; once in a 17-10 win over Georgia, once more in their only loss 19-7 by the hands of Florida, and finally in a 17-14 victory over Ole Miss.

The winner of the BCS was contractually awarded the Coaches’ Ballot national championship and its AFCA National Championship Trophy as well as the MacArthur Trophy from the Nationwide Soccer Basis Maryland gained one championship as a member of the ACC in 1953.…

Physical Therapy in the Treatment of Sports Injuries


Exercise and physical activity are very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle but it is a fact that strenuous physical activity greatly increases the risk of soft tissue damage (ligaments, muscles and tendon) and bone injuries. The primary and secondary mode of therapies differs depending upon the nature and cause of injuries. In traumatic injuries, a more intensive surgical or medical therapy is needed but since most sports injuries are minor sprains, muscle pulls and ligament injuries that do not require any medical or surgical intervention, physical therapy alone is the best mode of therapy in majority of the cases. Moreover, in case of surgeries that involve major joints, rehabilitation is needed to improve healing and blood circulation which makes physical therapist an integral part of any sports team.

Some common sports injuries for which physical therapy is very helpful include abrasions, perhaps the most superficial and common forms of injuries. Ankle sprain is also another common and apparently simple form of sport injury that can occur when athletes perform vigorous activity without performing warm up exercises. Tearing of ligaments (ACL being the most common) is another injury that may limit the degree of movement across the knee joint and can affect the sports career of the athletes. Hamstring pull or strain or tear is reported frequently in running sports and the injury may be as minor as a sprain to as severe as muscle tearing. Bone fractures are also very common in athletes and require stabilization via surgeries, splinting and other modes of interventive care.

Athletes have a very limited scope of undergoing major surgeries and most of the athletes avoid adopting interventive medicine for a number of reasons like delay in healing that affects the performance and form of players, risk of damage to major or minor nerves and vessels as part of iatrogenic trauma or prolonged disability that limits the athlete to perform in sports activities.

Regular physical therapy in sportsmen improves range of motion across the joints, flexibility of muscles and promotes fitness as a whole by warming up muscles. It also helps in the development of small muscle fibers that are missed out in gym exercises. It’s the best mode of therapy for all age groups and all sports personnel that is equally effective in male and female players.

Physical therapy serves at stabilizing the tissues in the natural biochemical environment and helps in promoting blood circulation. Rehabilitation after any surgery and primarily sports surgery requires restoration of physical mobility via physical therapy that decreases the pain by washing off the pain-producing mediators and hasten tissue recovery by restoring optimal blood circulation across healing tissues.

Physical therapists are an essential part of all sports teams to enhance fitness in the team and to take care of minor tissue injuries to decrease the risk of inflammation related tissue damage. Physical therapists serve these important functions by sports education that serves to educate professional sports players regarding warm up exercises, tissue relaxing exercises and massage to prevent soaring of muscles. Education regarding appropriate postures during and after sports activities, machines and devices that promote blood supply to tissues, joints, muscles and bones and muscle strengthening exercise that stabilize tissues and provide support to ligaments, tendons and other parts of musculoskeletal system.


Source by Ron Ayalon


The Tremendous Bowl in 2019 could have an analogous really feel to that of the final year’s Super Bowl … in terms of the host venue, but not necessarily the host city. While many speculated that Cardi B would be part of Maroon 5 for the halftime for the reason that artists collaborated on Maroon 5’s 2017 song, Women Like You,” a rep for the Bronx rapper strongly denied the claims, telling Web page Six that she was not significantly curious check here about collaborating because of how she feels about Colin Kaepernick and the whole movement;” instead, Cardi shall be performing alongside her Finesse” collaborator, two-time halftime present veteran and vocal advocate for hip hop at Super Bowl LIII , Bruno Mars, at the Tremendous Bowl Music Fest.

The Pittsburgh Steelers have gained six Tremendous Bowls, essentially the most out of some other team in the league, followed by the Dallas Cowboys, San Francisco 49ers and New England Patriots (5 why not try this out wins); Inexperienced Bay Packers and New York Giants (4 wins); and the Oakland Raiders, Washington Redskins and Denver Broncos (three wins).

After a multi-yr shedding streak kicked off by a Tremendous Bowl loss to the Patriots, Kroenke began searching for a brand new residence for the Rams in 2015, in line with the AP. A $1 billion supply from St. Louis to construct a brand new stadium in 2016 wasn’t enough; in 2016 the Rams announced they’d be leaving St. Louis for California.

The New England Patriots defeated the Los Angeles Rams 13-3 to grow to be the champions of Tremendous Bowl LIII Patriots quarterback Tom Brady secured the sixth championship ring of his career, giving Boston its second main league championship in less than six months.

Utilizing the setting of the league’s a centesimal anniversary gala, Joe Montana refuses to go to long-time rival Michael Irvin and Patriots’ quarterback Tom Brady arms his five Tremendous Bowl rings to Browns rookie quarterback Baker Mayfield in a ‘Get out there, outdated man’ moment.

This contains founding the Know Your Rights Camp” and making a collective million dollar donation to organizations aiding oppressed communities , work that has landed him amongst different athlete activists like Muhammad Ali and Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf He is since filed a grievance against the NFL, alleging that teams have colluded in not signing him.

If you are using any rideshare service equivalent to Uber or Lyft, here are some necessary particulars on where to choose up passengers and where to drop them off throughout Tremendous Bowl Week and Super Bowl Recreation Day, in response to the Mercedes-Benz Stadium website.…

Why Do You Need Sports Nutrition


Whether you are exercising to improve your health, a professional athlete or a bodybuilder, the sports nutrition plays a vital role in optimizing beneficial effects of physical activity. Choosing a right nutrition can result in injury prevention, improved performance, and recovery.

According to Thomas Edison, “The doctor of future will no longer treat human frame with drugs, rather will prevent and cure disease with nutrition”.

In order to support your goals and health, different nutrition professionals offer a number of services. Moreover, these nutrition can range from a daily food diary, to comprehensive nutrition and food plan for competitions and training.

Here we will explore the importance of sports nutrition, and how a sports nutritionist can support our training regime. Also, they covered supplements and nutrients that are frequently included in the dietary program of athletes. We will discuss these things in details.

The importance of sports nutrition

Consuming balanced food and drink is very important for us all. However, people that are actively participating in sport on a routine basis should know that it can also affect their performance. For instance, athletes, may require more calories compared to average people.

Those who are athletes, or even people that make up their mind to start exercising on a daily basis, should not let a good nutrition plan fall down on their list of priorities.

Sports performance and the energy

Protein, carbohydrates, and fats all provide our body with fuel to maintain the energy. Furthermore, carbohydrates are a primary fuel used by our working muscles. The adequate intake is necessary for preventing muscle fatigue. You are advised to monitor the fat intake, but do not completely remove it from the diet.

Fats provide fatty acids in our body that can be used an energy source – especially if your exercise sessions last more than an hour. These fats also provide the building blocks for hormones as well as formation of cell walls.

Proteins can be used as an energy source and they are critical for building new muscle tissues. People that are taking part in resistance training, their body will require additional protein.

Weight management

Eating well is very important to maintain a healthy weight. So, if you are trying to lose weight, strictly reducing fat, calorie intake or protein can have a negative impact on your performance. Meanwhile, it can also rigorously harm your body.

Some specific and useful foods that you should be a part of the diet for the optimum sports nutrition include:

· Whole grains

· Vegetables

· Fruit

· Healthy fats.

· Hydration, and

· Sources of lean protein as well as low-fat dairy products

Staying hydrated is of utmost importance, especially when you are taking part in any sport. The inadequate fluid intake can lead to dehydration. It also affects the performance, and could be dangerous for health as well.

Although dehydration can occur in any activity, it is very prevalent when exercising in humid and hot conditions. The perfect thing for re-hydration is water, but it is advised to use sports drinks with electrolytes, for those who are engaged in the physical activity for longer than an hour.

After the event

You are highly advised to avoid neglecting your nutritional needs, if you have had to walk the last half-mile of your run due to fatigue or even the things have not gone according to your plan in your game. No matter what the result is, it should be your priority.

Footballers, casual runners, athletes, and others typically do not consume enough fluids when they take part in different events, or trainings. So, it is very important to restore the balance after every event. The water is perfect for rehydration.

How sports nutrition professionals can help?

The major aim of a dietitian or sports nutritionist is to create a nutrition plan for the training needs of different clients. The plans will incorporate hydration and food. It does not matter whether you are training for professional events or exercising casually, sports nutrition is very integral to performance.

Such a strategy can also help to:

· Enhance recovery.

· Promote good health

· Increase energy levels

· Help manage weight

· Develop growth and body …